Understanding 5-Axis Machining:
Traditional CNC tools typically operate with translation in three axes – X, Y, and Z. However, 5-axis machining takes this a step further by incorporating two additional rotational axes, A and B. The number of axes in multi-axis machines can range from 4 to as many as 9, with each axis executed by either moving the table or manipulating the tool itself. The configurations of these axes can vary, resulting in machines with the same axis count performing different movements.
Categories of 5-Axis Machining
Full, Simultaneous 5-Axis Machining:
In this category, all five axes – X, Y, Z, A, and B – work simultaneously.
Ideal for intricate contour surface machining and crucial for finishing undercut areas. Significantly impacts finished product quality, productivity, and profitability.
3+2 5-Axis Machining:
Also known as fixed motion or positional five-axis machining. Utilizes three linear axes in conjunction with the machine’s two rotational axes (A and B). The cutting tool remains in a fixed position while the two rotational axes are employed to tilt it, providing a different approach to machining. Often referred to as "positional five-axis machining."